१७. VIDEHA FOR NON RESIDENT MAITHILS
VIDEHA MITHILA TIRBHUKTI TIRHUT—
Basarh seal shows that in Tirabhukti, the Kumaumatya was entrusted with the district administration to the provincial governors called uparika.
The Panchobh copper-plate grant deed of Ramagupta appears to continue the dominance of Later Guptas over the Southern part of the province . Sangramagupta granted a village Vanipama in district Jambuvani to a Brahmana called Kumira Swami of Sandilya Gotra,.learned in Yajurveda and belonging to Kola chanula.
After the Guptas, Mithila formed a part of Harsha’s Empire which included Lord of Five Indies have been interpreted as, Lord of Punjab, Kanyakubja, Mithila, Bengal and Orissa.
Harsha left no son to succeed him, Arjuna or Arunusva, in¬charge of Tirabhukti, claimed imperial status and forced neighbouring provinces to submit to him. Madhavagupta who became independent, must have resisted the pretensions of Arjuna. A chinese mission was going to Magadha and Arjuna attacked the mission. This assault brought about the invasion of his kingdom by the Tibetan army swooped down upon Tirhut, the kingdom of Arjuna and stormed his capital and also other towns of the kingdom. He was captured and it was quite possible that Tirabhukti was brought under Tibetan imperialism aided by the Nepalese army. King of Tibet,
established his sway over Mithila, along with Nepal. Tibetan rule in Tirhut lasted only for about half a century A. D. 647-8 to 703 A.D.
Arjuna attacked a Chinese mission killed most of the members of the mission and plundered their property. Want hiuen-tse fled to Nepal, secured 7,000 soldiers from Nepal and 1200 from Tibet and returning to Indian plains, disastrously defeated and imprisoned Arjuna and took him a captive to China.
Gopala : The palas of Bengal extended their influence over the whole of Eastern India¬. The Palas inscriptions of earlier times do not allude at all to any glorious and legendry descent as they were Buddhists. The foundation of the Pala dynasty in Bengal goes back to Gopala, put an end to the state of anarchy which prevailed in Bengal after the death of Sasanka.
Gopala is also credited with the foundation of the Nalanda Vihara , reduced Magadha also under his power.
Dharmapala (c, 783-818 A. D.) really raised the glory of Palas to Imperial heights, Mithila was an integral part of its central stru-cture being directly administered by the king himself. Dharmapala fought with the Pratiharas and made himself the real master of Kanauj and installed his protege chakrayuddha to the throne as a vasal ruler.
The Karnatas and the Latas are mentioned among royal officers in the Nalanda Inscription of Dharmapala.
Devapala (c. 818-850 A D.) continued his hold over Mithila, Mudgagiri (Munger) became an important administrative centre.
Badal pillar inscription of Narayanapala- the victories of the time of Devapala are credited to the hereditary ministerial family, Darbharai and his grandson Kedara Mishra who were Maithil. Devapala’s reign is the high water mark of the Pala imperialism.
Bhagalpur Inscription definitely uses the word Tribhukti for Monghyr.
Vigrahapala I is the sams as Surapala mentioned in the Hadal Pillar inscription of Guravamisra,, because it is the only name mentioned between Devapala and Narayanpala, and again in the Bhagalpur grant.
Narayanpala (c. 863-916 A.D.) again Pala domination over Mithila. granted from Mudgagiri (Monghyr) a village in Tirabhukti to the Shrine of Siva.
The Bhagalpur copper Plate of Narayana¬pala – Guravamigra was holding a high office-that of a dutaka of a royal grant. After his accession Narayanapala became reconciled with the mini¬sterial family and pardoned Guravamisra for the part that he or his father might have played during the internal troubles in the family.
The Dighwa-Dubauli plate was issued by Mahendrapala -a village grant about 40 Kms. South east of Gopalaganj in the Saran District- , hold of Mahendrapala over North Bihar. His last known date is 907-08 A.D.
Mahipala’s authority over Tirabhukti is proved by two identical ima¬ges inscriptions found in the village of Imadpur in the Muzaffarpur.
In 1019 A.D. Kalachuri Gangeyadeva was ruling over Tirhut, and therefore Mahipala I must reconquered it from Kalachuris .
Nanyadevaof Mithila who came to the throne in 10th century AD.
“Gaudadlivaja” -the correct reading being ” Garudadhvaja”, few possibility of identifying Gatigeyadeva of Tirabhukti with the Kalachuri King.Ganga or Gahga-deva, son of Nanyadeva (1097-1147 A. D.).
Mithila might have passed into the hands of some other ruler than the Palas.
Ramapala attempted a partial rejuvenation. Chedis of Tripuri, the Karnata’s of Mithila, the Raivartas of North Bengal. the Rashtrakuta of Pithi (in Bihar), the Chand¬isis of Kanauj and the Senas of Eastern Bengal hammered at the Pala king¬dom, which ultimately disappeared by 12th century A. D.
Ramapala (c. 1084-1130) conquered Mithila from Raja king of Kaivartas.
Vaidyadeva’s Kanauli copper-plate refer to the conquest of the land of Rampala’s father by the expression “Janakabhu ” and not that of Mithila.
Dharmapala founded the famous Vikramasila Vihara .
The His¬tory of the 84 Siddhas and that of the celebrated Maithili poems called Chariapadas clearly show how valuable the influence of the Pala rulers was in the history of Buddhism and its thought.
By storming the capital of the Paramara King Bhoja I , destroying the Kalachuri King Karma, the Chalukya king Somesvara I paved the way for the Karnatic domination in North Indian politics
like Gahadavalas of Kanauj (or Kashi), the Senas of Bengal and Nanyadeva of Mithila.
Vijayasena (c 1095-1158 A.D.) made an attempt to conquer Mithila also. Nanyadeva claimed to have broken the power of Ganda and Venga- Nanyadeva’s son Gange¬deva, claimed to be the lord of Gauds , encounter of Vijayasena and Nanyadeva was indecisive and that Vijayasena’s attempt to bring under his domination, the whole of the basic Pala Empire met with a failure in so far as Mithila was concerned
Vallalasena (c. 1158-1179 A. D.)-Vallala Charita – dominations of Vallalasena comprised five province, viz., Vanga, Varendra, Radha, Bagdi and Mithila.
Lakshmanasenu (c. 1179-1205 A. D) was perhaps one of the greatest Kings of Bengal. His court was adorned by emiment poets- Umapatidhara Maithil ,Govardhanuclrarya was certainly a Maithil. Vidyapati records the story of an actor who died while impersonating Rama’s viraha before his court , an-era in Mithila after him- one Lakhanackanda in the Ragatarangini of Lochana.
Chronicle of one Mukunda Sena is preserved in Nepal Durbar Library.
Karnata kings were in the modern province of Bihar from even the 6th Cen. A. D,brought with him Karnatic pandits to propagate their culture. Nanyadeva brought scholars rldharadasa, the author of the Sadukti¬karpamrita. A great .scholar and Vidyaguru of Vacha¬spati, Trilochana might have come to Mithi¬la along with the Kings of Karnata .
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